Pneumonia Q & A
What is pneumonia?
Pneumonia is a lung infection that causes one or both air sacs of the lungs to become inflamed and fill with fluid. The condition can result from bacteria, viruses, or fungi, and causes a variety of symptoms that can range from mild to life-threatening.
What are the symptoms of pneumonia?
Common symptoms of pneumonia include:
- Chest pain
- Nausea and vomiting
- Frequent coughing
- Shortness of breath
If you’re over the age of 65, you may also experience confusion and decreased mental function. Infants may experience difficulty breathing and eating, appear to lack energy, or they may not show any symptoms of pneumonia at all.
What are the risks of pneumonia?
You may be at an increased risk of developing pneumonia if you:
- Have a weakened immune system
- Have a chronic disease
- Are over the age of 65
Complications of pneumonia can be severe, making it difficult to breathe and causing frequent coughing that produces phlegm. If fluid continues to build up in your lungs, it may need to be drained before your lungs become infected.
How is pneumonia diagnosed?
During your appointment, Dr. Thampoe performs a physical exam and listens to your lungs. If she suspects pneumonia, she may recommend blood tests and a chest X-ray to confirm a lung infection. Dr. Thampoe may also take a test sample of the phlegm from your lungs to determine the cause of the infection.
What treatments are available for pneumonia?
Dr. Thampoe provides several treatments to manage your specific symptoms of pneumonia. She may recommend:
- Cough medicine
- Pain relievers
- Fever reducers
If Dr. Thampoe determines that bacteria is the cause of your pneumonia, she recommends a course of antibiotics.
If you are over the age of 65 and have severe complications from pneumonia, you may require hospitalization to monitor your symptoms. You may also need admission to the hospital if:
- You need breathing assistance
- Your heart rate is too fast or slow
- Your kidneys aren’t functioning properly
- You’re experiencing confusion or other mental concerns
Children younger than two months and those who have difficulty breathing may also require hospital care for proper hydration and breathing assistance.
To learn more about pneumonia treatments, call West Houston Internal Medicine or book an appointment online.
Feel free to email us regarding any scheduling or general questions!
Monday 8:00 am – 5:00 pm
Tuesday 8:00 am – 5:00 pm
Wednesday 8:00 am – 5:00 pm
Thursday 8:00 am – 5:00 pm
Friday 8:00 am – 3:00 pm
West Houston Internal Medicine Associates, LLC, Katy, TX
Phone (appointments): Address: 21238 Kingsland Blvd, Katy, TX 77450
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